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The CPA Exam requirements can be confusing! Unlike most other professional qualifications, CPA licenses and certifications are granted by individual states rather than a centralized agency.
In this article, I’ll give an overview of the CPA Exam requirements by state, and I’ll tell you how you can pick a state board that works to your advantage.
There are 55 accountancy jurisdictions in the United States. Each has a board of accounting that sets the accounting rules and regulations on its own. Because of this, the requirements for taking the CPA Exam and earning the license are often quite different. This discrepancy can really confuse candidates.
Whether or not you qualify to sit for the CPA Exam largely depends on your educational background. Here is a video discussing 4 different scenarios you may be in and what you should do accordingly:
Please continue if you prefer to read the text.
That is, are you:
If you can answer yes to all of the above statements, then you should register in the state where you plan to work as a public accountant. Therefore, you can now go directly to your state for details:
What If You Are Not a Conventional Candidate?
No worries! There are still lots of ways to meet the CPA Exam requirements, as you can see in the information below.
A typical 4-year bachelor’s degree gives 120 credit hours. Therefore, it is common that candidates find themselves short of the required 150 credit hours.
There used to be some states (California, Colorado, Delaware, New Hampshire) that allowed 120-credit hour holders to get the CPA license, but they have all switched to the 150-hour rule.
Guam is a good choice if you are an accounting major (without a master’s degree) and don’t mind getting the inactive license.
Making up for the 30 credit hours is the “proper” way to fulfill the CPA exam requirements.
Candidates need to understand that 150 hours is the standard for all accounting students graduating from the US; therefore, the state board is simply asking you to match that standard.
The process is simpler than most of us realize — all you need are non-degree courses from any accredited educational institution. This means that it is possible to take a Japanese culture class or even a golf 101 class from community colleges to get it done. But this only works for accounting majors.
There are still states (e.g., Alaska, Maine) that require 15 credit hours or less of accounting classes to sit for the exam, but the experience requirement is often tough. Here is an article written for non-Accounting majors on this topic.
Similar to the situation above, I believe the best and proper way to approach this is to make it up with non-degree accounting classes from accredited educational institutions.
Experience requirements vary from state to state, but state boards generally look for 1 year of relevant experience that is supervised and verified by a US CPA.
If you have…
This means that you have never worked, and don’t plan to work, in an accounting firm.
Most states nowadays are fine with general accounting work from private industries, government and even teaching positions in academia. A non-public accounting career plan shouldn’t be an issue when choosing a state.
This could be the case if you work in private industries where CPAs are less common, or if you work outside of the US and your supervisor is not licensed in the United States.
There are also states that do not require working experience if you don’t mind the restricted licenses:
The options above may have restrictions on how you hold yourself as CPA.
If you have a big family commitment (e.g., stay at home mom) or that you are not allowed to work in the US (e.g., H4 visa holders), you need to be more creative in fulfilling the experience requirement.
The best way is to get your previous experience verified is to consider the more “flexible” states mentioned in (ii) above. You can also explore whether volunteer experience is accepted by the state board.
About half of the state boards allow part-time work. It is hard to list them all, but once you narrow down the choices, you might want to double check by emailing the short-listed state boards directly.
Many states welcome international candidates. There are a few exceptions:
States granting license to…
(i) US citizens only: Alabama, Hawaii, Louisiana, North Carolina, South Carolina
(ii) State/Territory residents only: Idaho, Kansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, Nebraska, Nevada, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Puerto Rico, Rhode Island, U.S. Virgin Islands, West Virginia, Wyoming
(iii) Certain restrictions: Guam
Other states don’t have citizenship or residency restrictions.
For quick questions and comments on CPA exam requirements by state, you can always drop me a note below or my Facebook page.
If you are getting serious in getting the CPA qualification, I have two mini-courses designed for candidates with different background:
(Those with US degrees, or
graduate/live/work in the US)
(Those who study abroad, or
graduate/live/work outside of the US)
I am the author of How to Pass The CPA Exam (published by Wiley) and the publisher of this and several accounting professional exam prep sites
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