CPA Exam in Japan: Pass Rate Trend and How to Apply

Did you know that Japan has the largest number of CPA exam candidates after the US? Let’s take a look at the typical profile of a Japanese candidate, the overall pass rate, and how to apply for the exam.

The following analysis is based on the 2013 data from NASBA. NASBA has not released any specific pass rate data for Japan since then.

Japanese CPA Exam Candidate Profile

There were 1,985 candidates applied directly from Japan in 2013. While this was the biggest pool outside of the US, the number has been decreasing every year (3-year negative growth rate of 42%). I couldn’t find any write up on the decline, but I suspect the relatively low pass rate, as well as the stagnation of the Japanese economy, could be part of the reasons.

US CPA exam in Japan pass rate

As you can see, the Japan candidates’ pass rates in each exam section is considerably lower than the global average. I believe that language is the biggest reason, given most Japanese do not learn English until they reach secondary schools. There is also little interaction between Gaijin (expats) and locals, and therefore Japanese do not have much chance or need to practice their English.

Secondly, most Japanese universities offer a general degree. Almost all candidates are non-accounting majors and have to make up their accounting credit hours in various coaching classes. Their accounting knowledge may not be as solid as those who go through an accounting program for 4-5 years.

us-cpa-exam-in-japan-next-attempt-2013

(x-axis: number of months since first attempt;
left y-axis: number of candidates; right y-axis: number of attempted sections)

For those who passed, they did comparatively well. The chart above shows that successful Japanese candidates take 12-18 months and 4-8 attempts to pass the CPA exam. If the process drags on for more than 24 months, the average number of attempts greatly increases to 14.3 times.

How to Become a CPA as a Japanese National

Japanese goes through the same procedure as the US candidates, with one extra step of getting the foreign credential evaluation. The basic requirements are:

  • Education: minimum 4-year bachelor degree and 150 credit hours of general higher education
  • Exam: taking and passing the 4-part Uniform CPA Exam
  • Experience: 1-2 years of verifiable and relevant experience

For details, please refer to the following page:

How to Become a US CPA: Guide for Japanese Candidate

Taking the CPA Exam in Japan

Japan is the first country to open up exam sites for the AICPA exam. There are currently 4 sites: Tokyo (2 locations), Osaka and Yokohama.

The exam is open only to legal residents of Japan and US citizens working abroad. In other words, other international candidates (with a tourist / transit visa to Japan) will not be allowed to sit for the exam at these non-US sites.

Restrictions of Taking CPA Exam Outside of the US

Yes. There are preconditions that you must commit to when you choose to take the exam in Japan:

  • The candidate has to be licensed within 3 years. This means that you have to figure out how to fulfill the experience requirements before taking the exam.
  • Some state boards (such as California) do not participate in the international administration.

For Your Further Reading

Need Help to Figure This Out?

You are most welcome to drop me a note on Facebook! You may also want to sign up for my free e-course for more information on the CPA exam from an international candidate perspective.

Feel free to learn more about this CPA exam mini-course here before signing up.

About the Author Stephanie Ng

I am the author of How to Pass The CPA Exam (published by Wiley) and the publisher of this and several accounting professional exam prep sites

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  • Daisy says:

    hi, thanks for great article! I’m a Korean residing in the Philippines, but I will be studying in Japan for an exchange student from this April. I’ll be holding a student visa. Do I qualify for the CPA, Japan? I’d like to study right away, but I still don’t get any information on CPA test in Japan.
    And if i’m qualified to take the test in Japan, I’m thinking to get CPA for Vermont, which doesn’t require graduate degree (I’m still a 3rd year collge student) then transfer my scores after graduating to NY or CAL. Is tranferring a hard process for foreigners? thank you so much!

    • Stephanie says:

      Hi Daisy,
      We will have to check with the final rules, but looks like the Japan site is open only to Japan nationals and US citizens (and probably residents) living in Japan. So sorry, likely not working out for you in this regard…

      Transferring exam credit is a hassle so I won’t recommend it unless it has a very valid reason. Anyway, they have closed loopholes such as this already. You can check out this page for international candidates and see if it is of any help. Stephanie

  • Rachel C. Sobrecarey says:

    Hi,
    I am a Filipino CPA currently living and working here in Japan. My husband is a Japanese decendant that’s why the family move in Japan and was granted a permanent resident visa. Do I qualify to take the US CPA exam here in Japan?

    • Meghan D says:

      If you are a U.S. citizen or have legal status of permanent or long term resident, you are eligible to
      take the CPA Exam in Japan.

      Kind regards,
      Meghan
      I Pass the CPA Exam

  • Ziyi says:

    Hello, I am a Chinese student in Japan Waseda university right now. I am ready to take the CPA
    Exam in Japan because I have the Japanese students visa, is that ok for me ?

  • Harris says:

    Hello,
    I am a Pakistani national and a 3rd year transfer student to Japan. I recently came across the information that we can schedule a U.S CPA exam while residing in Japan. Is it possible for me, on a student visa, to sit for this exam?

  • Bryan says:

    Hello! I’m an American undergraduate accounting student and I’m from California. I want to live in Japan. Would I be able to use my US CPA in Japan? I don’t quite understand the part you mention about California not participating and I can’t find more information online about this. ?
    Another option I’d like to do is move to japan and get my CPA over there. Would I not be able to use that in California?

    It would be so great to get a response!!!

    • Meghan D says:

      Hi,

      If you are a U.S. citizen or have legal status of permanent or long term resident, you are eligible to
      take the CPA Exam in Japan.

      CA doesn’t participate in the international program. That means that if you want to sit under the CA state board, you’ll need to sit for the CPA Exam in the United States. If you’d like to sit for the CPA Exam in Japan, you’ll need to find a state board that participates in the international program. The best states for international CPA Exam candidates are available on the site. See if that helps!

      Kind regards,
      Meghan
      I Pass the CPA Exam

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