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Many people have been asking about the number of CPA in the US. It is indeed difficult to find the number from the internet, and the latest data I can gather is 2006, from AGA New York, NASBA:
The number of CPA in the US in 2006 stands at 646,520, versus 639,628 in 2003.”
The number of AICPA members is also a good indication. In 2015, there are more than 400,000 members in the organization.
While it is difficult to find out the number of CPA worldwide, we can estimate based on the data in the US. There are around 1.3 million US accountants according to the Bureau of Labor statistics.
Depending on which assumption you use on the number of CPAs, we get a rough estimate that 30% to 50% of accountants are CPAs in the US.
|2015 AICPA member data||2006 NASBA data|
|646K / 1,300K =||400K / 1,300K =|
|% of CPAs among Accountants||30%||50%|
Based on the above data, the increase in the number of CPA is a meager 1% for 3 years. This is quite surprising given that the CPA exam pass rate is steadily increasing during this period.
In fact, the number of CPA is in a continual decline if you look at the statistics in the past decade. Again, I know it’s very old data, but is useful to show you the trend:
Source: CPA Journal, October 2004
Possible reasons include:
But an academic research by Professor Nicholas Schroeder and Diana Franz argue that the increase in the education requirement (the 150 semester hour) for CPA exam candidates may have been the primary cause of the declining number of college accounting majors and new CPA exam candidates.
While the supply stays flat, the demand for accountants and particularly CPAs are increasing every year due to the recent new laws that address an improvement in financial integrity and scrutiny after the Enron bankruptcy in 2002 and the financial crisis in 2008.
The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics projected in 2006 that the employment of accountants will grow by 10 to 20 percent over the next 7 years on a national basis.
Other reasons to become a CPA include:
Every year, 8 to 10 thousand international candidates from more than 100 countries take the US CPA exam, representing roughly 10% of total candidate pool. If you are an accounting professional interested in this global qualification, there are lots of information for international candidates on this site.
I am the author of How to Pass The CPA Exam (published by Wiley), and I also passed all 4 sections of the CPA Exam on my first try. Additionally, I have led webinars, such as for the Institute of Management Accountants, authored featured articles on websites like Going Concern and AccountingWeb, and I'm also the CFO for the charity New Sight. Finally, I have created other accounting certification websites to help mentor non-CPA candidates. I have already mentored thousands of CPA, CMA, CIA, EA, and CFA candidates, and I can help you too!